love): he was martyred for refusing to renounce his religion. In 1969, the Catholic Church revised its liturgical calendar, removing the feast days of saints whose origins were questionable, including St. Valentine. It

was in 14th century that this Christian feast day became associated with love. According to UCLA medieval scholar Henry Ansgar Kelly, author of Chaucer and the Cult of Saint Valentine, it was Chaucer was the first to connect St. Valentine’s Day with romance. In 1381, Chaucer composed a poem in honor of the engagement between England’s Richard II and Anne of Bohemia. As was the poetic tradition, Chaucer associated

the occasion with a feast day. In “ The Parliament of Fowls,” the royal engagement, the mating season of birds, and St. Valentine’s Day are linked: For this was on St. Valentine’s Day, When every fowl cometh there to choose his mate. By the 18th century, gifts and the exchange of hand-made cards on Valentine’s Day became common in England and eventually spread to the American colonies. THREE GENERATIONS OF ICE FISHERMAN-Chris Konoski, his uncle, Jerry Vitale, Jr., and his grandfather, Jerry Vitale, Sr., enjoyed some icefishing recently at

the Ice Lakes. The frigid temperatures have given the trio plenty of opportunities toenjoy their sport. Share The LoveOn Valentine’s Day